Before discussing job dissatisfaction we must have clear understanding of job satisfaction. Job satisfaction means a person’s general attitude towards a job. A person with a high level of job satisfaction has a positive perception towards the job, while a person who is dissatisfied with the job has a negative perception. When people speak of employee’s attitude, they usually are referring to job satisfaction. Let’s look at some findings about job satisfaction.
Not surprisingly, job satisfaction tends to increase as earning increases. So is it true that those with higher earnings have higher levels of job satisfaction? Not necessarily because money cannot buy happiness. While it’s possible that higher pay alone translates into higher job satisfaction; an alternative explanation is that higher pay reflects different types of jobs. Higher-paying jobs generally require more advanced skills, give jobholders greater responsibilities, are more stimulating, provide more challenges, and allow workers more control. It’s more likely that the reports of higher satisfaction among higher-income levels reflect the greater challenge and freedom they have in their jobs rather than the pay itself. Further Job satisfaction describes how content an individual is with his or her job. The happier people are within their job, the more satisfied they are said to be. Job satisfaction is not same as motivation but it is linked to motivation. Job satisfaction is important attribute and is frequently measured by organizations. Job satisfaction can be seen within the broader context of the range of issues which affect individual’s experience of work. Control at work, stress at work, home work interface, and working conditions are some of the factors which could be used to understand their relationship with Job satisfaction.
Many a times it becomes important for the management to know the reasons of job dissatisfaction in order to tackle them effectively. Reasons of Job dissatisfaction are many. Every human being possesses a different attitude towards work. In some cases, employees are found to enjoy their work while on the other hand many employees are found to hate their jobs. Job dissatisfaction is caused due to a number of reasons, some of which are mentioned below:
An employee who has a different educational background but has unfortunately landed in a different profession is seen to develop some kind of dissatisfaction towards the work. This is natural as the employee is unable to match his preference for that kind of job.
Another prime reason of job dissatisfaction is work pressure. Many times employers ask their employees to complete as many tasks as possible within a stipulated time, thus creating huge work pressure on the employees. Generally the employees develop some kind of aversion to the work.
Workplace politics and inability on the part of an employee to suit with the office environment is another reason for job dissatisfaction. This minimizes his efficiency and productivity.
Reduction in Salaries
Sudden cuts in salaries, withdrawal of expected perks, promotions etc also cause job dissatisfaction in an employee. It must be remembered that a person must get the suitable price for the services he has rendered. Nobody likes to work for peanuts.
Inefficient HR Department
Inefficiency on the part of the HR department of the company to place the right employee for the right jobs and track their individual performance also causes job dissatisfaction among the employees. The HR executives must listen to what an employee has to say.